According to the research published in the Journal of Public Health, air pollution and living in apartments may increase the chance of evolving dangerous health issues like heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Scientists from Lithuanian University of Health Sciences inquired into the relatedness between a long- term vulnerability of air pollution and residential distance to green spaces and development of hypertension. It also includes some components of metabolic syndrome i.e., a high triglyceride level, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, higher blood glucose, and obesity.
An outcomes shows that air pollution levels above the median are related with a higher chance of reduced high density lipoprotein.
Agn Brazien (lead author) said that their research results enable them to say that we should regulate as much as possible the living space for one person in multifamily houses, improve the noise insulation of apartments, and promote the development of green spaces in multifamily houses.
A Traffic related vulnerability was associated with the occurrence of hypertension, higher triglyceride level and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
Nevertheless, the negative impact of traffic air pollutants was noticed only in the participants, who exist in multifamily apartment buildings. In inclusion, a built-up environment, high residential density, street traffic and its configurations are further factors related with social inter-activities and supportive relationships, that could impact cardiovascular health.
The size, type and greenness of the open public spaces were observed to be inversely associate to the risk factors.
Scientists also found positive upshots of the natural environment. They have brought attention to the positive impact of such spaces on cardiovascular health.