Plastic Pollution is a serious headache throughout the world. Researchers are trying their best to deal with this problem. Now, one inventor from Southern France claims to tackle this issue and his innovation might be the next big thing for the protection of our environment.
Researchers are aiming to reduce plastic usage and clean up the plastic waste from the oceans.
Christofer Costes claims that he developed a machine capable of breaking down plastic into liquid fuel. He is using a method known as Chrysalis in which he feeds bits of plastic into a 450-degrees-Celsius reactor to pyrolise it, which is a way of decomposing the plastic with high heat. Christofer’s machine churns out a liquid through this process that’s around 65 percent diesel. This liquid can be used for generators or boat motors and around 18 percent of petrol is churned out that is used for heating or powering lamps. This machine also produces 10 percent gas for heating, and 7 percent carbon for crayons or colorants.
Costes further says that his (pyrolising) breaks up the plastic molecules and transforms them into lighter hydrocarbons. After that, they go up into the distillation tower and separate into diesel and petrol. Gas is stored at the top of the tower in a reservoir.
Costes also worked with the environmental organization Earth Wake in order to develop the Chrysalis. Costes and others hope to develop the prototype into a commercial device priced at about 50,000 euros. This machine is relatively cheap considering the fact that currently, this machine can transform up to 10 tonnes of plastic into fuel per month. One kilogram of plastic delivers a liter of the liquid fuel, which could be a major boon to developing countries, where plastic recycling and expensive fuel prices are one of the concerning factors for a large chunk of the population.
Costes and others are hoping to build a larger version of the current machine by mid-2019, capable of churning out 40 liters of fuel per hour. Francois Danel from Earth Wakes says that We want the model to be economically sustainable so that it becomes viable, and can be duplicated more and more as time goes on.