UN Biodiversity Report: Humans have threatened 1 million species with extinction
From Land to Seas, we have threatened them all. Almost a million of animal and plant species stand on the verge of extinction, said the UN Biodiversity report.
Nature is being brutally killed, ranging from small microscopic being that are impossible to see with a naked eye to big mammals — as big as the blue whales, all are dying. The study draws its findings from numerous other scientific studies and clearly states that humans are destroying the very basics of life for their demand of food and energy.
Even farther goes the report by Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the more than 1800 pages of study links the extinction of species due to human activity and also calculates the effect that’s going cause our food and water security.
Humans have treated their only home miserably, that’s what the 40 page summary released in a meeting in Paris says. Further adding, the ongoing rate of decline in nature is unparalleled and scratches on Earth have now become huge scars.
Since the 1970, human population across the globe has doubled, with trade across countries growing more than 10 times. We need to under that we are causing the climate change, we are doing over-fishing, we are doing over-mining, we are using way more pesticides than needed — all of which is driving us towards our own extinction.
In terms of forest cover, 100s of millions of hectares of forest cover has been lost due to farming, cattle ranching and building bigger cities — just to feed our own over-growing population.
Global warming is causing the oceans to heat, which in turn is destroying sea life and our planet’s coral reefs may soon go extinct. This is also leading to a decrease in fish populations, which is affecting billions of people who rely on sea food. We are looking at a destruction rate hundreds of times higher than it has been in the past 10 million years.
Robert Watson, a British chemist who served as panel’s chairman, said “It’s not necessarily important what we are losing….don’t misunderstand me, 1 million species is important but the far bigger issue is the way in-which the human life is going to get affected.” Further adding, “We care about the nature, but we also care of human beings being well.”
The report has been compiled by 150 authors from more than 50 countries, in a time of three years. They note that the planet is being exploited and this is causing an enormous pressure on our natural resources. More than 75% of the land and 50% of the water environment has been destroyed or altered by us humans.
The report states that near 75% of land freshwater resources are now devoted to crop and livestock. Since 1970s, crop production has increased to near 300 percent and farms are cutting deep into forests to keep the human population well-fed.
In the sea, the situation is far worse. According to 2015 reports, a third of fish stock were being harvested — pushing them towards extinction.
Other than all the bad news, the only positive thing the report states is that further changes can be prevented if humans change their way of living and stop destroying the nature immediately. It is good to hear that even after so much destruction, planet Earth can still be saved.
Kate Brauman, one of the authors, said, “The way people consume food is often unhealthy for them as well as the environment. We can do much better and eat far more diverse diets and also make our planet healthier by growing food more sustainably.”