We get affected by a disease, run to the doctor, he/she gives an antibiotic (an instant reliever) and we think that’s it. Well that’s not it, from some time now there has been this what’s known as antibiotic resistance — A threat that can affect anyone, at any age, at any time. It’s detected when our body stops responding to antibiotic medicines.
Recently, there has been a new development regarding this major issue. Researcher say that the new found Antibiotics in fish mucus (fish slime) — a thin layer found on the outer surface of young fish — might be able to solve this issue in humans.
What is Fish Mucus?
It’s a thin layer found on the outer surface of the fish. This thin layer protects them from the harsh and deadly pathogens such as fungi and bacteria in the ocean environment. It’s also called Fish Slime and contains novel polysaccharides and peptides, of-which a few have antibacterial properties.
Although this layer of Mucus is present in both old and young fish, researchers are more interested in the young. Why young? because they have a pretty think layer of it. This thick layer is present because in young fish, their immune systems are relatively undeveloped and thus require extra protection.
What Researchers found on analysis?
Upon Analysis, researcher found that the mucus contained 47 different strains of bacteria, a number of-which produced mixtures that were able fight the methicillin-resistant “Staphylococcus aureus” (MSRA), tackle E Coli and some were also effective against Candida albicans and colon cancer cells.
Research head Dr Sandra Lowsgen said, the team believes that the microbes in the mucus add chemistry to the antiseptic power of the mucus and their discovery might lead to new compound discoveries from the fish world.
The current Antibiotic resistance levels?
According to CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), Antibiotic Resistance id one of the biggest public health challenges.
According to WHO (World Health Organisation), the Antibiotic Resistance is rising at a dangerously high pace all over the world, new resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading all around the globe. A threat to treating common disease like food poisoning and pneumonia.
This discovery is at its initial stage and requires time, patience and hard-work, but guess what any discoveries which involve saving human lives are important. The researchers conducted the study in lab, for it to work in real life they’ll have to do a lot more than that.
It may or may not work on human, but new discoveries like these are surely exciting.